Excerpts from interview with ecologist, writer and activist Esperanza Martinez, member of NGO Acción Ecológica, Quito.
Artist/Author: Paulo Tavares
Short inserts of archive images of paradigmatic oil spills in the sea: Exxon Valdez, Alaska - 1989; Deepwater Horizon, Gulf of Mexico - 2010. Esperanza questions the efficacy of existing law in dealing with large-scale ecological catastrophes, points out limitations in the concept of “environment”, and explains the reasons why the Constitutional Law of Ecuador adopts the term Pachamama to define “nature”. Non-human rights is a process of “opening to diversity”, building up a world in which multiple worlds co-exist. Against the “natural hegemony” of modernity, a multi-natural constitution.